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人教九年级英语Unit 3 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?重点短语/句型/语法讲与练及基础训练  

2014-11-14 09:47:57|  分类: 初中英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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人教九年级英语Unit 3 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?重点短语/句型/语法讲与练及基础训练

一、重点短语


1. turn left 向左转

2. get a pair of shoes 买一双鞋子

3. on ones right 在某人的右边

4. go along Main Street 沿着主大街走

5. have dinner 吃饭

6. go to the third floor 去三楼

7. go past the bookstore 走过书店

8. a room for resting 休息室

9. be special about.. . ……独特之处

10. pardon me 请再说一次

11. come on 过来;加油

12. hold one’ s hand 抓住某人的手

13. one one’ s way to... 在去.......的路上

14. pass by 路过

15. a rock band 摇滚乐队

16. something to eat 一些吃的东西

17. mail a letter 寄信

18. in the shopping center 在购物中心

19. in some situations 在某些场合

20. such as 例如

21. lead in to a request 引人一个请求

22. use proper language 使用合适的语言

23. park one’ s car 停车

24. an underground parking lot地下停车库

25. change money 换钱

26. the way to... .......的路

27. travel to….

28. thank sb. for doing sth. ……感谢某人

29. look forward to….期盼……

30 meet sb. for the first time 第一次见到某人

31in a rush to do sth. 仓促地做某事

32. be convenient to do sth. 做某事很方便


二、重点句型

1. not…until…

You never know until you try something.凡事只有亲身经历了才能了解。

2. It seems (that)…

It seems a rock band plays there every evening.那里好像每天晚上都有乐队演奏。

3___ do you know...

Excuse me, do you know where I can buy some medicine?打扰了,请问哪里能买到药?

4. Could you please tell me... ?

Could you please tell me how to get to the post office?你能告诉我去邮局怎么走吗?

5 .1 wonder...

I wonder where we should go next.我想知道接下来该去哪里。

6. sb. suggest+ 从句

The clerk suggests they go to the... museum.工作人员建议他们去……博物馆。

三.         单元重点语法:直接引语变间接引语

(一)直接引语变为间接引语时的变化:

1 .人称的变化规律:一随主,二随宾,三不变

2. 时态的变化规律:

1)如果主句的谓语动词为一般现在时,直接引语变间接引语时,宾语从句的谓语动词的时态不变。 如:He says , “ I like math.” ----He says that he likes math.

2)如果主句的谓语动词为一般过去时,直接引语变间接引语时,宾语从句的谓语动词的时态要用过去时态的某一种(一般过去时,过去进行时、过去将来时、过去完成时,即:am / is was ;   are were;  do /doesdid ;  will would ; can could;  did 不变或变had done;  have/ has done had done  

注意:当直接引语是真理和事实时,变间接引语时时态不变。

(二)直接引语变间接引语变法如下:

1. 直接引语是陈述句,变为间接引语时用thatthat可以省略。

引号外面的said to sb 要改为told sb ; 引号外面只有said时,保持不变。

如:He said , “I like it very much.”--- He said that he liked it very much.

练习   He said to me , “I will learn math well. ”

   He_____ _____ that _____ _______learn math well.

    2. 直接引语是一般疑问句,变为间接引语时用if / whether, 变为陈述句语序。引号外的said to sb 要改为asked sb, 引号外面只有said,said改为asked ,可以加一个me

       “He said, “ Are you interested in Chinese?”

           He asked me if I was interested in Chinese.

     练习: She said to Tom ,” Do you work in the school?”

            She _____ _____ _____ ______ ______ in the school.

    3. 直接引语是特殊疑问句,变为间接引语时仍用原来的疑问词引导,变为陈述句语序。引号外的said to sb要改为asked sb, 引号外面只有said,said改为asked ,可以加一个me

如: He said to me, “ What can I do for you?”

            He asked me what he could do for me.

      练习:He said to Tom, “How do you find it?”

 He _____ ______ ______ _______ _______it

以上三种变化就是变成宾语从句。

    4. 直接引语是祈使句:

1) 肯定的祈使句,变为间接引语时,去掉引号,在动词前加to ,引号外的said to sb 要改为told / asked sb. 即构成:told/asked sb to do sth结构。

          如:She said to her son, “ Open the door.” ---She told her son to open the door.

          练习:He said to me, “ Listen to me carefully.”

                He _____ _____ _____ ______to ______ carefully.

       2) 否定的祈使句,变为间接引语时,去掉引号,把后面的don’t 改为not to.

引号外的said to sb 要改为told / asked sb.,即构成:told/asked sb not to do sth结构。

          如:She said to her son, “ Don’t open the door.”

              She told her son not to open the door.

          练习:He said to me, “Don’t sing in class.”

                He _____ _____ _______ ______ _______in class.

巩固练习:将所给直接引语变为间接引语:

1.. She said to us , “ I has been to New York.”      She _____ _____that _____ _____ been to New York.

2. We said to them, “ Have you learned French?”  We ______ _____ ______ ______ _______ learned French.

3. They said to us,  “When do you do homework?” They asked ________ _________ _______do homework.

4. “Keep quiet, children.” he said.    He _______ the children _______ _______ quiet.

5. “Don’t look out of the window,” she said to me.  She _____me _____ _______ _______ out of the window.

6. The teacher said, “The sun is bigger than the moon.”

The teacher ______ that the sun _______ bigger than the moon.

 

重点点拨

1. Could you please tell me where the restrooms are? 请问洗手间在哪里?

=Excuse me. Could you tell me _____ _______ to the restrooms?

=Excuse me. Could you tell me how _____ ____ get to the restrooms?

=Excuse me. Could you tell me how _____ get to the restrooms?

=Excuse me. ________ ________ the way to the restrooms, please?

=Excuse me. ______ ______ the restrooms, please?

=Excuse me. How _____ ______ get to the restrooms, please?

2. dress 的相关短语

1) dress up “化装穿上盛装打扮dress up as sb. 装扮成

2dress sb.“给某人穿衣服 dress oneself “自己穿衣服

 她很快给孩子们穿上衣服。She ______ _____ _______ quickly.

练习:1 他们都打扮成解放军的模样。 They all _______ ________ _________ PLA men.

    2Children_____as black cat,cowboys, superman at night on Halloween(万圣节)

        A get dressed    B. put on     C. dress up    D. are dressed

    3)她太小不会给自己穿衣服。She is too young ______ ________ ________.

    4) 他每天给妹妹穿衣服。He_______ his sister every day.

 

3. come on快点 =be quick= hurry up

  come构成的短语还有:

come true 实现;   come up with 提出,想出;   come out 出来;出版;花开

come in 进来;     come back 回来

Be quick, or you will be late! =________ ______,or you will be late!

4. 一对;一双;一副a pair of 其谓语动词由pair的单复数决定

 This pair of shoes__________(be) very comfortable.

 Look! There______________(be)three pairs of shoes over there.

 

单元重点词组:

1. 取一些钱________ some money 2. 一对;一双;一副a_________of   3.如何到达书店______ ______get to the bookstore

4. 在你的右边_______ your right   5. 向左/右转_________ left / right.  6.之间________...and

 7. 经过go _________8.对做某事感到兴奋be__________to do sth   9. 来吧come __________

10. 在某人去的路上________one’s way________  11. 走向前;朝走去.walk _____  _______

12. 什么;请再说一遍;抱歉;对不起_______ me  13.沿着这条街往东走go_______  _________this street

14.基于文化知识_______  _______cultural knowledge   15.如何礼貌地寻求帮助how to_______  ______help_________

16一家.地下停车场_________  underground __________ lot  17.听起来不礼貌sound______________

18.在某些情形下_________some_______________19.花时间导入一个请求spend time________  ________a request

20.很抱歉打扰你be________to_______you  21.兑换一些钱________some money  22.的路the________  _______...

23. 盼望;期待(做)某事.look________ to sth(doing) sth   24.初次,第一次_______the________time

25.在三楼_______the________floor   26.由于(做)某事感谢某人_______sb________(doing) sth

 

中考连接

1. She told me that she______ shopping with her sister the next day.

  A. will go           B. would go       C. goes        D. has gone

2. The teacher told us the moon____ around the earth.      A. went          B. goes       C. going            D. move

3 The teacher asked me, "Do you have a lot of homework to do during the holiday?”

The teacher asked me       I       a lot of homework to do during the holiday.

4. The reporter asked the girl“Do you enjoy your volunteer work on weekends?”

The reporter asked the girl       she        her volunteer work on weekends

5. My friend asked me, " Do you help your parents with the housework on weekdays?"

My friend asked me      I        my parents with the house work on weekdays.

6.  “How do you look after your pet cat?” my teacher asked me.

My teacher asked me ______  _____  ______ after my pet cat.

7. “Are you going to watch the football match next Sunday?” Father asked me.

Father asked me ______I _____ going to watch the football match next Sunday.

8. "Did you sleep well last night?" David asked her.

David asked her                        well  last night.

9. Please tell me. Who will give us a talk this afternoon(合并为一句)

Please tell me ________________ us a talk this afternoon.

(注意:特殊疑问词作主语时,如果语序本来就是主语+谓语结构,则语序不再变化。)

10. I don't know what I should do next.(改为简单句)I don't know ______  ________  __________  __________.

11. Excuse me, could you please tell me how I can get to the bookstore?

 = Excuse me, could you please tell me________  __________  _________ to the bookstore?

 

基础知识练习:I. 单项选择

1. ___ old man in front of Tom is ___ artist.      A. An, an    B. A, the  C. The, an    D. The, a

2. Everyone was  _____when they heard the  _______  news.

A. exciting; exciting    B.excited; exciting   C. excitingexcited    D. Excited; excited

3. —Shall we go for a picnic tomorrow? —Well, it all ___________ the weather.

A. belongs to         B. happens to        C .depends on            D. concentrate on

4.  SorryI haven’t   ____  money  _____  buy the new iPad.

A.such, that          B. too, to     C. enough, to         D.enough, for

5. 2013山东威海—Excuse me. Could you tell me ___ get to the nearest post office?—Sorry, I am new here.

A.how can I          B. how I could    C. how to            D. what I can

6. Could you please ____ such a thing again?      A. not to do     B. don’t do      C. not doing          D. not do

7. They ____ five days finishing the work.      A. paid     B. took   C. spent    D. cost

8. His grade in the exam put him       the top students in his class.   A. between  B. over   C. among   D. above

9.2012 甘肃兰州】—All the workers went home yesterday ____ Mr. White. Why? —Because he was on duty.

   A. except    B. besides    C. except for  D.beside

10. The man tried several times to start the car, and he succeeded______.

A. in the past  B. in the end   C. at first          D. at once

11.Some of my friends eat with their eyes. They prefer to order what       ______  nice.

A. feels         B. smells    C. looks       D. tastes

12. We live _______ a supermarket. It’s very convenient.    A. right    B. far away from    C. next to   D. on the right 

13. Would you please _______ the window? It’s hot now.    A. close     B. to close      C. open     D. to open

14. —Do you know _______? —Yes, in two days.

A. when will Mr Li come back                 B. how long Mr Li will come back

C. what time will Mr Li come back    D. how soon Mr Li will come back

15. — Excuse me, could you please show me how to use this MP4 player? —_______

A. Certainly! It’s here.        B. Yes, you can.   C. Sure, with pleasure.        D. Not at all.

16. Do you still remember _______?

  A. that he said  B. what he said  C. did he say that  D. what did he say

17. The terrible accident happened ______ the evening of October 4th, 2009.   A. in       B. on    C. from        D. at

18. In English, my sister does ______ speaking than writing.      A. good at    B. better at    C. well in     D. better in

19. . Could you tell me ___________?   

A. where do you live   B. who you are waiting for    C. who were you waiting for    D. where you live in

20. --- Do you know if she ___ back tomorrow?---Sorry, I don’t know. I’ll call you if she ___ back.

A. will come, comes   B. comes, comes  C.comes, will come  D.will come, will come

21. She told me the sun ______ in the east.  A. rise  B. rose  C. rises  D. had risen

22. I can't understand ______the boy alone.  

 A. why she left  B. why did she leave  C. why she had left  D. why had she left

23.We are going for a picnic tomorrow. I'll call Wendy to make sure________

Awhy to start          Bwhen to start   Cwhat to start            Dwhich to start

24. —Do you know sound travels very fast?—Yes. But light travels ________ sound.

Aas fast as        Ba little faster than   Cmuch faster than        Dslower than

25. [2012·宜昌] —Where are you going for the coming winter camp?

—I won't decide on the place ________ the end of this month.

Auntil      Bunless  Cthough                    Dthrough

26.[2013·菏泽] Traveling around big cities by taxi can cost a lot of money, but it's usually ________ to take the underground train to most places.

Aamazing     Bexpensive   Cconvenient                Dexciting

27. —Let's go shopping at the new mall. —Why not shop online? It's ________.

Aexpensive           Bmore expensive   Cless expensive           Dthe most expensive

28.[2013·泸州] Could you tell me ________ the cool T?shirt?           

Awhere you buy             Bwhere do you buy   Cwhere did you buy       Dwhere you bought

29.[2013·济宁] — Do you know________—Yes, I do.  He went by skateboarding!

Awhether Paul will go or not        Bwhen will Paul go to the party

Chow Paul went to the party        Dhow did Paul go to the party

30.[2013·潍坊] The woman asked the policeman where ________

Athe post office is     Bwas the post office   Cis the post office       Dthe post office was

31.—Do you know ________  the man with glasses is?  —A reporter, I think.

Awhat          Bthat      Cwho             Dwhere

32.Could you tell me________ Awhat to do it      Bwhat to do   Chow to do       Dwhen to do

33.—Could you please tell me ________—Yes. There is one on Center Street.

Awhere can I buy some stamps       Bwhen you will take your vacation

Cwhen was the telephone invented      Dif there are any good restaurants around here

将下列简单句合并为复合句

1Where is my Chinese book? I don't know.     I don't know ______ my Chinese book ____

2She studies in Lantian Middle School. Jane says.  Jane says ______ ________ in Lantian Middle School.

3Do you study French? Could you tell me?     Could you tell me ____ ______ ________ French?

4Was he the first to come here? Please tell me.    Please tell me ____ ____ ______ the first to come here.

5The earth goes around the sun. The teacher told the students.

The teacher told the students ______ the earth ______ around the sun.

完成句子:

1.沿着这条路直走,然后左转。Go along/down this street and _______  _________.

2.我路过那家商店的时候停了下来。I stopped when I __________ ______ the store.

3.昨天吉姆直到下午3点才回来。Jim ________  ______  ______  ______ three o'clock in the afternoon yesterday.

4.[2013·黄冈] Talking loudly in a library, a museum, or a movie theater is __________ (不礼貌的).

5. 你能告诉我到邮局怎么走吗? ______ you _____ me ______ ______ ______ _____the post office?

6. 你能告诉我在哪里能买到字典吗?

  _______ you _______ tell me ______ _______ _______ ______ a dictionary?

7. 你能告诉我中心街在那吗?Can you ______ ______ _______ Center Street _____?

8. 你能告诉我在新镇上是否有一些好的博物馆?

  Could you please tell me _____ ________ _____ ______ good museums in Newtown?

9. 你知道在这儿附近是否有一些公共洗手间吗?

  Do you _____ ____ ______ _______ _______ pubic restrooms _______ ________?

10. 你所使用的表达方式可能取决于你说话的对象或你对他们的熟悉程度。

The _________ you use might _______ _____ ______you are speaking to or how ______ you know them.

11. 我想知道你是否能帮助我。I ______ ______ you can help me.

 

中考试题选登

1.Which flower is the city flower of Jinan?

                           

人教九年级英语Unit 3 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?重点短语/句型/语法讲与练及基础训练 - 快乐英语 - 学好英语 改变人生

 

2. 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil will be held in ________ in June.

                   

人教九年级英语Unit 3 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?重点短语/句型/语法讲与练及基础训练 - 快乐英语 - 学好英语 改变人生

      

3. .—Why was Miss Read so angry with you this morning?—She asked me _______.

      A. why I was late for school again               B. how I came to school this morning

C. what did I have for breakfast                 D. what time did I go to bed last night

4.Could you tell me __________?   Sure. He is in Room 303.

A. how old is your sister                          B. where is the post office

C. when did you meet Sam                             D. where I can find Mr. Lee

5. “When are you going to Australia?” Mary asked her father. (改写句子,句意不变)

   Mary asked her father ______________ he ______________ going to Australia.

6. 令我们吃惊的是,这位老人竟然天天服用这种药物。

To _____________  _____________, this old man takes this kind of medicine every day.

7. 我们都为祖国的快速发展而感到自豪,但我们也必须面对许多挑战。

We all take _____________ in the fast _____________ of our country, but we must also face a lot of challenges.

8. Which of the following Chinese writers won the Nobel Prize for Literature last year?

 

  

人教九年级英语Unit 3 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?重点短语/句型/语法讲与练及基础训练 - 快乐英语 - 学好英语 改变人生

 


8 . Which of the following places should we go to if we want to take the high-speed train?

 

 

人教九年级英语Unit 3 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?重点短语/句型/语法讲与练及基础训练 - 快乐英语 - 学好英语 改变人生

  


9. —How long has Robert ___________?    —Since 2004.

A. been to Beijing         B. become a policeman         C. joined the art club       D. studied in this school

10. —Could you please tell me _________________?—Yes. There is one on Center Street.

   A. where can I buy some stamps            B. when you will take your vacation

C. when was the telephone invented         D. if there are any good restaurants around here

11. In which picture can we have fun going hiking with our friends?

 

 

人教九年级英语Unit 3 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?重点短语/句型/语法讲与练及基础训练 - 快乐英语 - 学好英语 改变人生

  

12. ---Do you know _________the new mobile phone last week?     --Maybe 900 yuan. I’m not sure.

   A. how much she paid for                  B. how much will she pay for

   C. how much did she pay for                D. how much she’ll pay for

13. “Can you drive me to the office building”she asked me.改写句子,句意不变
   She asked me        I        drive her to the office building.

14. —Could you tell me ____________?   In 1971.

A. when your mother was born                  B. when was your mother born

C. how old is your mother                      D. how old your mother is

15. Cindy asked me, “Do you bring your dictionary to school every day?” (改写句子,句意不变)

   Cindy asked me ______________ I ______________ my dictionary to school every day.

16" Can I borrow your bike?” Tom asked me.(改写句子,句意不变)

Tom asked me _______________ I could lend my bike to _______________

17. 钓鱼岛及其附属岛屿自古以来就是中国的领土。

The Diaoyu Island and the adjacent islands has _______________ _______________ China since ancient times.

18.When you go to Qianfo Mountain,you should not take_________.

人教九年级英语Unit 3 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?重点短语/句型/语法讲与练及基础训练 - 快乐英语 - 学好英语 改变人生

 

19. Excuse me, could you tell me _________?   — Sorry, I’m not sure.

      A. when the next BRT arrives     B. when will the next BRT arrive

      C. when did the next BRT arrive   D. when does the next BRT arrive

20. Mr. Li had some kitchen waste after supper, which dustbin should he put it in?

人教九年级英语Unit 3 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?重点短语/句型/语法讲与练及基础训练 - 快乐英语 - 学好英语 改变人生

  

   21.—Could you tell me     __    ?    —By searching the Internet.

A. how you got the information            B. when you got the information

C. how did you get the information         D. where did you get the information

 


人教九年级英语Unit 3 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?重点短语/句型/语法讲与练及基础训练 - 快乐英语 - 学好英语 改变人生
 

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