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人教新版九年级英语Unit 2 I think that mooncakes are delicious.知识点详解--Section B(2)  

2014-11-14 09:56:55|  分类: 初中英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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人教新版九年级英语Unit 2 I think that mooncakes are delicious.知识点详解--Section B(续)

【课文重难点语法】

If 引导的条件状语从句

(一) 条件状语从句含义:

状语从句:由一个主句和一个或一个以上的从句构成的句子叫做复合句,在复合句中做主句状语的句子叫做状语从句。状语从句根据它表达意思可分为多种,作什么样的状语就叫什么类型的状语从句。

  (二) if 引导的条件状语从句

一、定义:if引导的句子在复合句中表示条件,作主句的条件状语,因此称为条件状语从句,条件状语从句就是用一个句子来作条件状语

 If you don’t hurry , you’ll be late.

   If he comes,let me know.

【注】if是从属连词,意为如果,用来引导条件状语从句。if引导的条件状语从句既可放在主句之前,也可放在主句之后。从句位于主句之前时,常用逗号将其与主句隔开。

二、结构:

初中if引导的条件状语从句常见形式

(1)若主句是一般将来时,则从句用一般现在时

If it ______(rain) tomorrow ,I’ll stay at home.

(2)若主句含有情态动词时,则从句用一般将来时

 If you play in the street,a car may hit you.

(3)若主句是祈使句,则从句用一般现在时

eg.If you feel hot,open the window.

Exercise

I. 用所给词的正确形式填空

1. If it ____ (not snow) , he _________(play) football with me tomorrow.

2.If you don’t hurry up, you _______(be) late again.

3. If he __________(finish) work early, he _______(go) home.

4. If he ________(not do) his homework , he’ll be sorry.

5.If you won’t be quick , you _______(be) late.

II. 单项选择

 (   ) 1. We’ll go to the farm and help the farmers with the apple picking if it ____ tomorrow.

   A.  won’t rain    B. will be rain   C. doesn’t rain   D. isn’t raining

(   ) 2. – The TV show Home with Kids is so wonderful . You shouldn’t miss it.

      --- If I have time, I ______it.

A. see    B. saw   C. will see   D. have seen

(   )3.If you don’t go to the meeting tomorrow, _______.

A. he will , too   B. he won’t, either  C. he does, too   D. he doesn’t , either

(   )4.—How is the weather tomorrow?    -- I don’t know if it _____ tomorrow.

     --Well, if it ____ , I won’t go out with you.

A. will rain; will rain   B. rains; rains

C. rains ; will rain     D. will rain; rains

(   ) 5. ____ you go to bed earlier, you won’t feel tired in the mornings.

      A. Unless   B. Because   C. If   D. When

[解析3 end n/v 结尾 ending n 结尾

(1) in the end = at last = finally 最后    (2) at the end of…  …… 尽头

 (3) by the end of … ……结束时      (4)end up doing sth 终止做某事 

(5) end up with sth 而结束

Have you ended up _______________(memorize) the new words?

9.He also tells Scrooge to expect three spirits to visit him

 他还告诉 斯克鲁齐,让他等待三个幽灵的来访。

【解析1tell  told ;told)“告诉,对…说”.作及物动词,

【句型1 tell sb. to do sth告诉某人做某事 

14北京】My parents always tell me ______ more vegetables and fruit.
       A. Eat            B. Eating        C. eats           D. to eat

  【句型2tell sb. not to do sth.意为告诉某人不要做某事

14丹东】32. Mom, I’m afraid I can’t win the competition.

              Believe in yourself, my boy, and tell yourself ______.

      A.to give up              B. not to give up   

      C. to give away           D. not to give away

13广州】 I always tell my students ____ on the road because it’s really dangerous.

     A. not to play       B. to play not        C. not playing       D. not play

       tell sb. sth.= tell sth. to sb.     tell me a story 

【短语】:

tell the truth 说真话          tell a lie说谎

tell the time “报时          tell a story讲故事

tell : 辨别,说出区别tell A from B       tell the differences between A and B

13贺州】 Our teacher often tells us _____ in the river. It’s dangerous.

     A. don’t swim    B. not swim      C. not to swim    D. not swimming

13临沂】My parents often tell me ______too much junk food because it’s bad for my health.

     A. not eating        B. not to eat                  C. eating                      D. to eat

【解析】expect   v预料

  (1) expect to do sth 预计做某事

  (2) expect sb. to do sth = look forward to doing sth 期待做某事

13青岛】14. — You look sad. What has happened?

—Everyone ______ us to win the match, but we lost.

A. expects            B. expected            C. hopes         D. hoped

3I expect so/not

I expect the group ________(sing) pop songs.

(  ) Do you think our football team will win the match?

Yes, we have better players. so I ___them to win.

A. hope   B. ask    C. help     D. expect

10.First, the Ghost of Christmas Past takes him back to his childhood and reminds Scrooge of his happier days as a child

首先,昔日圣诞幽灵把他带回了他的童年,并使他想起了他儿时的快乐生活。

【解析】remind =make sb. remember v 使记住

【记】re+ mind   remind

(1) remind of 提醒,使记起

(2) remind sb. of sth 使某人记起某事

14内江】23. When people mention planes, it will remind the parents ___their

                daughter on the Malaysian Airlines planesMH370

        A. with          B. for           C. in          D. of

14十堰】33.     The song Where did the time go ________ the old days and the love of family.

Sure. It’s my favorite song.

        A. helps us out       B. reminds us of    C. lets us down      D. regards us as

(3) remind sb. to do sth提醒某人去做某事

(4) remind sb. + that从句

(    ) Though he has been working hard, his math remains_____.

A. bad     B. badly     C.OK

(    )   At the meeting ,they said nothing but ____quiet.

A. took    B make     C. reminded

13鞍山】 25. —Can I smoke in the dining hall?

          —Sorry. It's not_________.

A. promised      B. realized     C. allowed      D. Reminded

11.Scrooge is so scared that he wakes up in his bed and finds out it is already the next morning on Christmas Day!

斯克鲁齐是如此的害怕,以至于在床上惊醒,醒了后他只发现已经是第二天早上— 圣诞节。

【解析】wake up (v+ adv) 醒来;睡醒

12河源】_____ , Tom! It’s time to get up and go to school.

A. Wake up    B. Make up    C. Grow up    D. Look up

14丽水】28. Does Mary only have an apple for breakfast?

   Yes. She eats like a bird_____

      A.to wake up     B.to be strong    C.to lose weight   D. to fall asleep

12.Does Scrooge have a lot of friends?

斯克鲁齐有很多朋友吗?

【解析】a lot of = lots of + 复数名词=many +复数名词=much+ 不可数名词

(  ) He drinks _____. He’s got ___ money but not ____ friends.

    A. a lot; plenty of ; much   B. much; a lot of ; many

   C. a lot; a lot of; many     D. a lot of ; a lot; a lot of

13.Write a letter to your pen pal写封信给你的朋友

【解析】pen pal=pen friend 笔友

14.First, introduce the festival and when it is celebrated.

  首先,介绍这个节日以及它是什么时候被庆祝。

【解析】introduce v 介绍

 1introduce oneself to sb. 向某人作自我介绍

Let me introduce myself to you.

  (2) introduce A to B.A介绍给B

     May I introduce my friend  Jim to you?

  (3) introduce into 引进

  (    ) Hello ,everyone!   Please let me ______.

     A. introduce my name     B. introduce myself 

   C. to introduce myself     D. introduce to myself

15.Finally, explain why you like it best and how it makes you feel

最后解释你为什么最喜欢它以及它让你有什么感受。

【解析】makemade made v 制作

【句型】

(1) make sb./sth + adj. “使某人/……” make you happy

 Mr. Liu usually makes his lesson interesting so that we all like to listen to him in class.

(2) make sb./sth do sth “使某人/物做某事make me laugh.

His jokes made us laugh.

(3)be made to do sth  “被让去做某事”

The boy was made to stand out of the classroom.

 (      ) Colors can change our moods and make us ___ happy or sad, energetic or sleepy.

        A. to  feel   B. feeling   C. felt   D. feel

13鄂州】28. — I’m very tired these days because of the senior high school entrance xamination(中考).

             —Why not______music? It can make you ______.

       A. listen to; relaxed              B. to listen to; relaxed

       C. listen to; relax           D. to listen to; to relax

16.Many Western countries celebrate Easter. 许多西方国家庆祝复活节。

【解析】Western countries

   east → eastern adj 东方的  west→ western 西方的

   south→southern 南方的     north→ northern 北方的

  western country 西方国家      eastern part 东部地区

When I first ate in a __________(west) restaurant,I didn’t know what to do.

 17. So an egg is a symbol of new life因此鸡蛋是新生命的象征。

a symbol of …    ……的象征

Blue is a symbol of peace.

18. Not only do people______ them around in different hiding places for an egg hunt, but they also give out these_______ as gifts.

人们不仅为了找蛋而把它们_____在不同的地方,人们也把这些蛋作为礼物,

【解析1not only … but also… 不仅……而且……

【注】: 1)连接两个主语时,,句子谓语应于but also后的主语的人称和数保持一致。(就近原则)

2)若not only 放在句首,表示强调,句子要部分倒装

(    )Not only ___he ___ playing tennis, but also he likes playing basketball.

      A. does; like   B. do; like    C. did ;like    D. /;like

(    ) This is my twin sister, Lucy. Not only she but also I ___ good at drawing.

      A. is      B. am      C. are

11潍坊】—Mom, when shall we go to Weifang Museum this weekend?

     Oh, sorry. I'm going to Beijing for a meeting. ____ Saturday ____. Sunday is OK.

  A. Neither, nor      B. Both, and         C. Either, or     D. Not only, but also

【宜宾】. Let’s go to Kunming for vacation. It’s _______ too hot _______ too cold.

  A. either; or              B. nether; nor        C. both; and           D. not only; but a lso

 

【课文重难点语法】

 

 

宾语从句

一、定义:一个从句在句中作动词的宾语,这个句子就叫做宾语从句。

二、宾语从句的三要素:

(一)、引导词:

1.若陈述句作宾语,常用that 引导。

He says. He will study hard next term.

He says (that) he will study hard next term.

2.若一般疑问句做宾语,用ifwhether 引导

I don’t know .Is she at home?

I don’t know if she is at home.

3.若特殊疑问句作宾语,用原句中的疑问词引导。

I wonder. What’s her name?

I wonder what her name is

三、语序

宾语从句用陈述句语序

即:“引导词+主语+谓语+其它”将疑问句转换为陈述句时,

一定要将疑问句语序转换为陈述句语序

Do you know where he works?

:特殊疑问词+主语+谓语+其它

【注】在主语前不能出现be, 情态动词,助动词等

四、时态

(1).若主句是一般现在时,从句谓语动词可根据具体情况选用所需要的时态。(主现从不限)

We hope you’ll have a very happy year in our class.

(2).若主句是过去时,则宾语从句通常用过去的某种时态。

(主过从限过)

He asked me if we were talking about Chinese football team.

(3).宾语从句是客观真理时、普遍真理、自然现象是,从句时态一律用一般现在时。

The teacher told us that the light is faster than the sound.

五、中考真题练习

14重庆】40. Do you know________?

                    This afternoon.

    A. when will the policenman give us a talk    B. where will the policeman give us a talk

   C.when the policenman give us a talk         D.where the policeman will give us a talk

14浙江】32I’d like to visit Kate tomorrow .Do you know _____?

   Sorry , I don’t know her address, either.

    A.why she lives there    B.who she lives with    C.where she lives   D.how she lives

14黄冈】—So, can you tell me ______ here today?

Well, I was walking down Centre Street when a UFO landed.

A. what did you see              B. what you saw  

C. when did you see it            D. when you saw

14连云港】—Jack, could you tell me            for travelling this summer?

—We plan to go and see the beautiful sea in Hainan.

A. where your family will go                B. how will your family go

C. how your family will go         D. where will your family go

14年临沂—Dad, can you tell me ______ to the amusement park?          

—The day after tomorrow.

A. when we are going                  B. when we went

C. when are we going                  D. when did we go

14长沙】—Excuse me, could you please tell me ______?    

          —Sure. It’s about ten minutes’ walk.

        A. how long it takes to go to the zoo          

        B. how far it is from here to the zoo

        C. how far is it from here to the zoo

14河北】I have some tickets for the basketball match. I wonder ______.

   A. where you buy the tickets                        B. why you like to go there

    C. if you’d like to come along                    D. when you watch the match

14达州】—We have no idea _______.

             —It’s heard that he is Mr. Green’s son.

A. where he comes from               B. if does he live here

C. who he is                         D. who is he

14河南】Excuse me, can you tell me _______?

             Sorry, I don’t know. You can go to the information desk.

             A. that there is a train             B. when the train leaves        

C. which train can I take           D. where does the train go

14陕西】—Mum, summer holiday is coming. I wonder      .

             —How about Qinling Wild Zoo

             A. where can we go                   B. where we can go

             C. how we can go                     D. how we can go

人教新版九年级英语Unit 2 I think that mooncakes are delicious.知识点详解--Section B(2) - 快乐英语 - 学好英语 改变人生

 

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