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人教新版九年级英语Unit 2 I think that mooncakes are delicious!语法整理(宾语从句和 感叹句)  

2014-11-14 09:58:37|  分类: 初中英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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人教新版九年级英语Unit 2 I think that mooncakes are delicious!语法整理(宾语从句和 感叹句

 

1.宾语从句

在复合句中,由一个句子充当宾语,这个句子叫做宾语从句。宾语从句由关联词+主语+谓语构成。引导宾语从句的常见关联词有that, if, whether, what, who, where, whyhow等。

从句原形

关联词

例句

陈述句

that(在口语或非正式文体中常省略)

 

I think (that) Halloween is a fun festival.

Mary thinks (that) the teams were just fantastic.

Many think (that) sharks are too strong to be endangered.

一般疑问句

 

whether,

 if(在口语中常用if

 

I wonder if/whether they’ll have the races again next year.

Ben wonders if/whether April is a good time to visit Thailand.

特殊疑问句

 

who, what, which,

when, where, how, why

Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?

Do you know when the bookstore closes today?

Can you tell me who she is?

Exercises A: 把下列句子改为宾语从句的复合句。

1. He said, “I have been to America”. He said _____ _____ _____ _____ to America.

2. Is there a hotel near here? Do you know?

   Do you know _________ _____ ____ a hotel near here?

3. What sport do you like best?  Could you please tell me?

    Could you please tell me _____ _______ ____ _____ ____?

4. “The earth moves around the sun”, our English teacher told us.

    Our English teacher told us that the earth ______ _______ the sun.

 Exercises B:

1. (     )—Do you know ____ Jane visits her grandparents? —Once a week.

  A. how soon        B. how often      C. how long         D. how far

2. (     ) —I want to know      .—Sorry. I’ve no idea. But she was here just now.

   A. where is Ann      B. where Ann is  C. where was Ann     D. where Ann was

3. (    )Please tell me _____ to improve my English.  

   A. how I can do      B. what can I do    C. what I can do     D. how can I do

 4. (    ) —Do you know_____?  —He is a dentist.

A. where he is from       B. where is he from    

C. what does his father do  D. what his father is

5. (    ) Could you tell me _____the cool T-shirt?

  A. where you buy     B. where do you buy     C. where did you buy    D. where you bought

6. (    )—Hi, Bruce. Here is a letter for you. — Thanks. I wonder          .
A. who the letter was from    B. who was from the letter   

C. who was the letter from    D. who from the letter was

2. 感叹句 

感叹句是表达喜、怒、哀、乐以及惊奇、惊讶等强烈感情的句子。 感叹句通常由 what  how 引导。

A: what 引导的感叹句,其句子结构可分为以下三种: 

?What + a/an +形容词+可数名词单数(+主语+谓语其他)!

如: What a nice present it is!       What an interesting book it is!  

?What +形容词+可数名词复数(+主语+谓语其他)!

如: What beautiful flowers they are!      What good children they are!  

?What +形容词+不可数名词(+主语+谓语其他)

如: What fine weather it is today!      What important news it is! 

B: how 引导的感叹句,其句子结构也分为三种: 

? How +形容词 / 副词(+主语+谓语其他)!

如: How careful she is!             How fast he runs! 

?How +形容词+ a/an +可数名词单数(+主语+谓语)!

如: How beautiful a girl she is! 

? How +主语+谓语!    如: How time flies! 光阴似箭! 

 what 引导的感叹句与由 how 引导的感叹句有时可以转换,但句中部分单词的顺序要有所变化。如: How beautiful a girl she is!  What a beautiful girl she is! 

What delicious cakes these are!  How delicious these cakes are! 

C.有时感叹句也可以由一个单词、词组、祈使句、陈述句等构成。 

如: Good idea! (好主意!) wonderful! (太精彩了!) Thank goodness! (谢天谢地!Exercises: 根据句意选出恰当的一项填空。

1. ______ (What / What a) delicious chicken we are having!

2. ______ (What / How) warm it is in the classroom! 

3. ______ (What / What a) nice shirt you bought!

4. _____ (What / How) fast the young man is walking!

3.One is Mother’s Day on the second Sunday of May, and the other is Father’s Day…

  辨析another, the other, others & the others

  anotherthe other都有另一个的意思。another指多个中的另一个the other则指两个中的另一个,常与one构成固定one ... the other ...一个……另一个……”

  e.g. The shoes don’t fit me. Would you please show me another pair?

      My sister has two skirts. One is yellow, the other is black.

  others (=other+复数名词)the others (=the other+复数名词)均含有其他一些的意思。others泛指多部分中的一部分,可与some构成固定结构some ... others ...一些……一些……”the others则特指剩余的一部分。

  e.g. Some like fruit and vegetables, others like junk food.

     Two of you can go to the lab with me, and the others will have to stay in the classroom.

Exercises

选择another, the other, others  the others填空。

1. There are two rulers on the table. One is long, ________ is short.

2. This schoolbag is the worst of all. Can you show me _______ one?  

  3. You should learn from _______.

4. There are 40 students in the class. 70% of them are from towns and cities, _________ are from the countryside.

 

 

人教新版九年级英语Unit 2 I think that mooncakes are delicious!语法整理(宾语从句和 感叹句) - 快乐英语 - 学好英语 改变人生

 

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