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九年级英语Unit 5 What are the shirts made of?单元练习及被动语态专项训练  

2014-12-26 17:39:16|  分类: 初中英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

九年级英语Unit 5 What are the shirts made of?单元练习及被动语态专项训练

重点语法:被动语态

英语动词有两种语态,即主动语态和______语态。主动语态表示主语是动作的执行者,被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者。

被动语态的结构:be+PP

1.一般现在时的被动语态:   am / is / are + 过去分词

She waters the flowers after school.    

The flowers ___________  ____________by ___________ after school.

2. 一般过去时的被动语态 :   was / were + 过去分词

Guo Jingming wrote the book .        

The book ____________  ____________  ____________Guo Jingming.

3. 一般将来时的被动语态   will be +过去分词

The headmaster will give a talk this afternoon.   

A talk ______  ______  _______  _____the headmaster this afternoon.

4. 现在进行时的被动语态   am/is/are+being+过去分词

The driver is repairing the car.   

The car ____________  ___________  ___________  __________the driver.

5. 过去进行时的被动语态   was/were+being+过去分词

My father was painting the wall.     

The wall ______________  ______________  _____________ by father.

6. 现在完成时的被动语态:  has /have  been + 过去分词

We have read the book..       

The book ______________  ____________  _____________ by ____________.

7. 过去完成时的被动语态:  had been + 过去分词

He had invited me to visit Japan before I came here. 

 I _______  _________  _________to visit Japan before I came here.

8. 含有情态动词的被动语态:  can / may /must /should +过去分词

Students should do their homework.   

Their homework __________  _________  __________  _________students.

被动语态的特殊情况:

() make/ let /have sb. do sth. see/hear/ watch / notice sb. do sth

变成被动语态时,后面的动词原形前需加to.

 be made / seen  / heard  / watched / noticed to do sth.

 被迫  / 被看见 / 被听见 / 被观看 /被注意  做某事

1.The boss made his workers work day and night.  The workers were made to work day and night.

2. I see him stand there                        He is seen to stand there by me.

2. His doctor makes him have two meals a day. 

---He is _______  _______  _______  two meals a day.

(使役感官真奇怪,toto来令人猜,主动语态to离开,被动语态to回来。)

练习:请将下列主动语态变成被动语态。

v  1.The farmer made the horses work the whole day.

v     The horses___________ __________  __________  ___________the whole day.

v  2.I saw a mouse run into the room.

v    A mouse ___________  ___________  __________  ___________ into the room.

v  3.I saw Lucy play in the park just now.

v    Lucy_________  __________  ___________  ______________in the park just now.

v  4. I often hear her sing this popular song .

v    She___________often_______  _______  _______ this popular song by_______.

()当动词带双宾语时give sb.sth ; show sb sth , pass sb sth  , lend sb sth 时,有两种改法:

1)将其中指人的宾语被动句的主语时,另一个宾语按顺序照抄下来。

sb .be given sth ;   sb be showed sth;    sb be passed sth;    sb.be lent sth.

   Eg: I give Tom a book .           Tom is given a book by me.

      He buys his sister a bag.       His sister _______  ______ a bag by him.

2)  将指物的宾语提前作被动句的主语,在被动句中则指人宾语前应加“to”“for” 。常见加to的动词有常见加for的动词有make, draw, buy…

sth be given to sb.;   sth be showed to sb;  sth be passed to sb;  sth be lent to sb.

EgI give Tom a book .           A book is given ______Tom by me.

再如:He bought me a book.

I was bought a book by him. (以人I做主语)

A book was bought for me by him. (以物book作主语)

练习:1.Lily gave us some wonderful stamps.   

 1______ ________ ______some wonderful stamps by Lily

2Some wonderful stamps_______ ________ _______ ________ by Lily

双宾语,很奇特,被动语态有两个,用人简单用物难,难在人前to, for

常见的接双宾语的动词有:

to: (1)pass sb sth=pass sth to sb  (2) give sb sth= give sth. to sb   (3)teach sb sth=teach sth to sb,

(4)show sb sth=show sth to sb  (5) bring sb sth=bring sth to sb,  (6)send sb sth=send sth to sb

(7)hand sb sth =hand sth to sb  (8) sell sb sth=sell sth to sb     (9) take sb sth =take sth to sb

(10) write sb sth=write sth to sb

 

for: (1) make sb sth= make sth for sb (2) buy sb sth =buy sth for sb    (3) get sb sth= get sth for sb

(4) cook sb sth =cook sth for sb (5) keep ab sth=keep sth for sb (6) sing sb sth=sing sth for sb

(7) find sb sth=find sth for sb (8) mend sb sth=mend sth for sb (9)perform sb sth=perform sth for sb

既可用for也可用to的词:read

练习:把主动语态变为被动语态。(两种办法)

1.He bought me a present yesterday.

___________________________________    _________________________________________

2.My mother made me a big birthday cake last night.

__________________________________   ___________________________________________

3.I have written him a letter. 

___________________________________     _______________________________________

4.Our teacher taught us a new song last week.

____________________________________   _______________________________________

5.She reads her son a story every day.

____________________________________    ____________________________________

 

三、在某些不及物动词+介词/副词”(相当于及物动词短语)的句子中,变被动语态时,动词短语要看做一个整体,千万不要漏掉介词或副词。

Eg.  People often talk about that film.          That film is often talked about.

练习:改正下列转换中的错误:

1.We shouldn’t give up the work.  误:The work shouldn’t be given .      正:

2.Lily looked after the baby.  误:The baby was looked  by Lily.    正:

 

四.It is said that+从句及其他类似句型

  一些表示据说相信的动词如believe, consider, expect, report, say, suppose, think等可以用于句型“Itbe+过去分词+that从句主语+be+过去分词+to do sth.。有:

It is said that… 据说  It is reported that…据报道It is believed that…大家相信          It is well known that…众所周知  It is thought that…大家认为 It is suggested that…据建议 

练习:据说男孩通过了考试。______  ______  ______  _______ the boy has passed the exam.

=The boy ____________  _____________  _____________ have passed the exam.

中考连接

1. We can find new buildings everywhere in our city.(改写句子句意不变

New buildings can                         everywhere in our city.

2. Teenagers can learn more knowledge from real life if they have more chances to experience it.(改写句子,句意不变)

More knowledge can                    by teenagers from real life if they are given more chances to experience it.

3. Teachers can use cartoons to give examples in lessons about AIDS.(改为被动语态

Cartoons can                    to give examples in lessons about AIDS

II. 句型转换

1.       This book was written by Lu Ying .(改为否定句)This book __________  __________ by Lu Xun.

2.       I saw our math teacher go the office just now.(改为被动句)

Our math teacher _____  ______  ______  ______ into the office just now.

3.He noticed that something was coming towards him .(改为同义句)He noticed something ______  _______  ________.

4.The car is made in China. (改为否定句)_______________________________________________

5.The classroom is cleaned by students every day. (改为一般疑问句)_____________________________________________

6.The sweater is made of wool. (对画线部分提问)______________________________________

7.The boy is taken care of by the old woman.(改为主动语态)____________________________________________

综合能力提升

阅读短文从方框中选择适当的动词并用其适当形式填空。有的需要加助动词或不定式符号。每词限用一次

 do  come     make     give   write    

Do you like Justin Bieber’s song? Now, Justin is eighteen years old. The Canadian pop stars celebrated (庆祝) his 18th birthday on March 1st. His manager 91___________ him a car as a gift on his birthday.

Justin , however, has a gift for his fans, too. His new album(专辑) Believe

 92___________ out on June 1st. Since last year, Justin 93____________ some songs for the album himself. “ Everything must 94_____________ well if I put my heart into it,” he said

The young man also feels excited about being 18. “Eighteen means a lot of responsibilities(责任).”Justin said. “I can 95_____________ my own decisions…Eighteen is going to be a great year.

 

cross     pick    find     throw     give

A man was going to the house of a rich friend. He saw a watermelon on the road. He ____________ it up and then he said to himself, “I do not want the watermelon. My rich friend ____________ me lots of delicious food to eat.” So he threw it onto the ground.

He came to a big river. It was so big that he couldn’t cross it. He waited for some time. Finally, he said to himself, “I can’t go to my friend’s house today. The river is too wide for me ___________ .” He turned to get back home. He felt very hungry. He thought of the watermelon and began to look for it. Finally, some broken pieces __________on the ground. But they were very dirty, and he could not eat them.

What can we learn from this story? Don’t ___________ good things away. You may be sorry later.

 

一、根据句意和首字母提示补全单词。(10分)

1.Most of the earth’s s        is cover by water.

2.No m        where you go, you will find the products made in China.

3.You should try to a        catching cold.       4.Derman is spoken in D        .

5.Careless drive causes many t       accidents.

6.Sky l         were first used by Zhuge kongming.

7.Knives are made of s        .  8.You can see the p        made in China all over the world.

9.The red paper is folded before it is cut with s        .

10.The p       brings letters and postcards to people’s homes.

二、用所给单词的适当形式填空。(10分)

1.Girl students in some schools are not allowed       (have)long hair.

2.We can watch TV after our homework        (finish).

3.The old         (speak) to politely.

4.Do you want        (buy) a silbor watch?

5.He wishes China will get better at       (make) high-technology products.

6.He avoided         (answer) my questions.

7.Passagers        (not allow) to smoke on the train.

8.Parents         (invite) to school meeting every month.

9.It takes several weeks         (complete) everything.

10.When the leaves are ready,they are picked by hand and then are sent for      (process).

11. Many _______________(hero) died for their countries.

12. Where ________ the phone ________________ (invent)?

13. It’s my __________________(please) to help you out.

14. ___________________(Canada) live in North America.

15. The soup will be ___________(salt) you put another teaspoon of salt.

单元重点词组:

1.       制成be_________  _______(物理变化)     

2.(地点)制造be________  ________ 

3.环境保护environmental __________        

4. 制成be_________  _______(化学变化)

5. ......闻名be ________ for (2) 

6. ......(地方)生产be________ in 

7. 在许多不同地方______many different places

8.被手工采摘be______  _______hand   

9.全世界all_______the world    10.有益be_______  ___________

11.无论什么no_______what=____________ 

12.即使even___________(2)  

13.擅长用be good_____________

14避免做某事avoid______sth  

15.日常用品__________things  

16.查明,弄清________out 

17.去潍坊度假go _______a vacation________Weifang     

18.剪纸paper__________

19.例如such_____________

20.许多不同种类的many_________  _________of    

21.把…变成__________into…

22.发出,放出,发送________out 

23.被…覆盖be________  _________

24.上升到空中rise________ the air

25.穿上,贴上________on    

26.作为…的象征as symbols_____________ 

27.高科技产品__________products

28.被用于be________  __________  

29、在山腰上__________the sides of mountains

 

三、根据汉语,完成英语句子。(10分)

(1) 这个飞机模型是用木头做的。The model plane ______  _______  __________wood.

 (2)葡萄酒是由葡萄酿成的。Wine  __________  ___________  ____________  grapes.

(3) 这些汽车是在上海制造的。These cars ________  _________  ___________ Shanghai.

(4)这些蛋糕是我姐姐昨晚制作的。These cakes _______  ______  ______ my sister last night. 1.everyday every day填空

(1)You can find that the sentence is widely used in our ____________ life.

(2)David's father takes exercise ______________.

3. be known/famous forbe known/famous as

 (1)老舍因《茶馆》而闻名。Lao She  _________  __________  _________ his play, Teahouse.

(2)周杰伦是一位有才能的歌手。Jay Chou  ________   ________  _______ a talented singer.

Whatever you like, I will buy it for you. =____ ________ ______ you like, I will buy it for you.

6.turn into=change into 变成  turn on打开/turn off关上  turn up开大,调高/turn down开小/调低1)水可以变成冰。Water can be ________   ______ ice.

2)[2013·益阳] The boy is sleeping. Please ________ the radio.   Aturn up   Bturn down        Cturn on

7. 英语中表示花费的表达

1sb spend 时间/金钱on sth         sb spend时间/金钱 (in) doing sth

2sb. pay money for sth    3sth. cost (sb.) +money (注意:cost的主语一定是物,过去式是cost)

4It takes/took sb. some time to do sth

练习:1. They spend too much time______ the report.   A. writing  B. to write  C. on writing   D. write 

2. --What beautiful shoes you’re wearing! They must be expensive --Nothey only______l0 yuan 

Aspent    Btook    Cpaid    Dcost

3. --Will you please______for my dinner Peter?   --Sure!  A. spend    B. pay    C. cost    D.take

4. It will _____me too much time to read this book.   A. take    B. cost     C. spend     D.pay 

5.完成那项工作花了他半个小时。 It ________  __________ half an hour to finish the work.

6.How much does the ticket ________ from Shanghai to Beijing?

Acost     Btook   Cspend                 Dpay

7.I enjoy playing computer games, but I can't ________ too much time ________ that.

Atake; doing                 Bspend; doing  Cspend; for doing        Dtake; to do

1、无论你说什么,她都保持沉默。                What you say,she always keeps sillent.

2、据我所知,茶树是在山腰种植的。

   As                 I know,tea plants are grown on the side of mountain.

3.按照中国历史,孔明灯首先被诸葛孔明使用。

                     Chinese history,sky lanterns were first used by Zhuge Kongming.

4.中国到处都打羽毛球。 In China,badminton                    everywhere.

5.全世界人民热爱和平。 People                    the world love peace.

. 单项选择  从每小题所给的三个选项中,选出一个正确答案。

(   ) 1. ____________last week?   

A. What happened to her       B. What was happened to her      C. What was she happened

(   ) 2. One third of the earth’s surface _________ water.

      A. is covered by   B. was covered by    C. covers by

(   ) 3. Tables were used _________ desks when we were young.     A. by   B. as   C. to

(   ) 4. The boy_______ Tom is made________ without food every day 

     A. named, work         B. called, sing      C. named, to dance

(   ) 5. Flight MH730 from Malaysia to Beijing disappeared ________ March 8.

A.     on         B. in        C. at

(   ) 6. ________ is used for making knives in most of China.  A. Steel  B. Bamboo   C. wood

(   )7. Silver __________ a ring for money.

     A. is usually made into   B. is usually made of   C. is usually made from

(   ) 8. This is a __________ story that I will never forget.  A. historical  B. history  C. historic

(   ) 9. I like the dumplings made ________ my mother best.   A. in    B. from   C. by

(   ) 10. _________ are usually put on windows or doors during the Spring Festival.

  A. Clays   B. Paper cuttings     C. Sky lanterns

(   )11. People often________ on Lantern Festival.

A. fly sky lanterns   B. cut paper   C. make clay

(   ) 12. Water __________ ice if the weather is below zero

     A. will be turned off  B. will be turned to      C. will be turned into

(   ) 13. This ___________ is made of metal and plastic.

     A. pair of scissors     B. scissors   C. piece of scissors

(   ) 14. _____________speak ___________ in _______________.   

A. Germen, German, Germany  B. Germans, Germany, German  C. Germans, German, Germany

(   ) 15. China ________ the Great Wall in the world.

     A. is knew for    B. is famous as     C. is known for

(   ) 16. My mother was angry with me because I____________ last night by her.

     A. am seen to play computer games   B. was seen to play computer games 

 C. was seen play computer games

(   ) 17. You should do your best ______ you do.

A. no matter what    B. what ever    C. no matter how

(   ) 18. Do you know wine is ____________ grapes?  A. made of   B. made from  C. made in

(   ) 19. My teacher says my spoken English is good, because I speak _____ English ______

 A. every day, every day    B. every day , everyday  C. everyday , every day

(   ) 20.____ the grass _____a little every day?    A. Does, cut    B. Is, cut   C. Is, cutting

  1The Olympic Games ___________every four years.

      A are held   B were held      Care holding      Dwill ho1d

  2. In the art showa lot of enjoyment __to foreign friends by the Chinese paintings

A is giving    B is given     C will give                       D has given

  3. Today Chinese is becoming more and more popular. It _________in. many schools around the world.     A. teaches    B. is teaching    C. has taught    D. is taught

  4. Ba Jin, one of the greatest writers in China, ________as "People's Writer".

A. is regarded    B. has regarded   C. is regarding    D. regards

  5. Usually computers _________to search the Internet. 

A. use           B. are using      C. are used       D. used

  6. --Do you often clean your classroom?  --Yes. Our classroom __________every day. 

A. clean                         B. cleans                 C. is cleaned

  7.Did you hear that water in Tai Lake smelt terrible?

      YesIn factit ____.That's all because of the people and the factories around

A polluted       B was polluted      C has polluted   Dwas pollute

  8. --Our environment is getting worse than before.   --You're right. But thanks to Earth Day_______, people have done more and more useful things to protect the earth since Earth Day.

A. is started             B. was started           C. has started

  9. ---I feel very happy that I ____to be the host.  ---Congratulations!

A. choose      B. am chosen   C. was chosen   D. haven chosen

  10. Many trees and flowers ______ in our school last yearand they made our school a beautiful garden   Aplant    Bplanted         Chave planted       Dwere planted

  11.Some famous paintings __________in the hall next week. 

A. will show      B. were shown         C. is shown      D. will be shown

  12. A talk on developments in science and technology       in the school hall next week . 

A. given        B. will be given    C. has been given     D. gives

  13.---Great changes have taken place in this city.

        ---Right. Many modern tall buildings have been ______ these days. 

A. turned up              B. put up            C. shown up              D. fixed up

  14.Twelve-year-olds should not           to drive in China. 

A. allow         B. be allow       C. allowed           D. be allowed

  15. —Do you often clean your classroom?  —Yes, our classroom ______ every day.

 A. clean         B. cleans    C. is cleaned     D. Cleaned

1. ___ far as I know, her mother is a very famous writer.     A. With    B. In     C. As    D. On

2. The desk is made ____ wood.       A. from     B. at     C. of     D. in

3. Please try to avoid ____ those cheap things.      A. buy      B. buying       C. to buy    D. buys

4. The hill ____ heavy snow in winter.     A. is covered with     B. covered with     C. covered at      D. is covered of

5. The tall building ____ 10 years ago.       A. built     B. was built        C. is built   D.  builds

6. What a nice garden! It ____ every day.     A. is cleaning     B. was cleaning     C. must clean         D. is cleaned

7. The trees ____ three times every week.     A. water      B. must watered      C. must be watered    D. has watered

8. If the child ____, please telephone the police.     A. found      B. is found       C. was found         D. has found

9. _____ this kind of question often ____ in your class, Li Ping?    A. Does, ask   B. Is, asked   C. Has, asked D. Will, ask

10. She is often seen _____ basketball on the playground.     A. play          B. to play      C. plays     D. playing 

11. Rice _____ in South China.     A. grows           B. is grow        C. is grown         D. are grown

12.The Olympic Games ________ every four years.      A. are held      B. were held     C. are holding   D. will held

13More rice        this year than last year.      A. makes          B .produces     C. is made     D. is produced

14. The trees       on March12 every year.      A. plant      B. planted         C. are planted     D. were planted

15. My shoes and sweater were made _____ hand.      A. in    B. on     C. with    D. by

16.—Do you know that there are many different________animals in the zoo?—Yes, I do. I think some of them are_____scary.

  A.kinds of, kind of     B.kinds of, kinds of    C.kind of, kinds of    D.kind of, kind of

17.The earthquake happened_____8:20_______the morning of April 20th,2013.  A.on, in  B.at, on   C.at, in   D. on,on

4. A new bridge will_____across the river.   A. be building    B. be built    C. build

5. Some people think trees _____on Tree Planting Day only.

A. should be planted   B, should plant   C. should be planting   D. be planted

6. Personal computers ____in 1976. It has changed the whole world.

A. have been invented    B. are invented   C. were invented        D. invented

7.[2013·株洲] Do you know when the first train ________ in China?

Awas produced  Bis produced  Cproduced

8.[2013·丽水] Each year quite a lot of food ________ around the world. It's really time for us to do something.

Awas wasted   Bis wasted   Cwasted         Dwill be wasted

9.[2013·天津] —What language ________ in that country? —German and English.

Aare speaking     Bare spoken   Cspeak                       Dis spoken

10.[2013·梅州] The child without parents ________ good care of by his teachers in this special school.

Ais taken             Bare taken    Ctake                   Dtakes

基础练习

I. 单项选择

1.The kind of cup is used__________drinking.          A.to   B.as   C.by   D.for

2.This pair of shoes________hand, and it_______very comfortable.

A.is made with, is felt   B.are made from,is felt    C.are made of, feels    D.is made by, feels

3.I think the short story_________by Lu Xun.   A.is writing    B.is written    C.written       D.was written

4.--Who________the electric light lamp______? —Edison.

A.was;invented  B.is;invented  C.was;invented by  D.did;invented by

5.The number of the students in our school_________1,600 and a number of them_________from Canada. 

A.are;come     B.is;come     C.is;comes     D.are;comes

6.I think the mountains________with trees in a few years’time.

A.are covered  B.will be covered  C.are covering   D.will cover

7.Mary_______to the party yesterday.   A.invited  B.has invited   C.was invited   D.were told

8.They should________to choose their own clothes.  A.allowed      B.be allowed     C.allow     D.are allowed

(  )1.Song Zuying is famous         a singer.

A.as      B.for     C.of      D.to

(  )2.He       by the boss at the end of each month.

A.pays     B.is paid      C.was paid     D.paid

(  )3.Chairs are made         wood.

A.in      B.of      C.from      D.by

(  )4.This pair of shoes is made         hand.

     A.in     B.of      C.by      D.from

(  )5.Eating vegetables is good          your health.

     A.for     B.with      C.at      D.of

(  )6.Pardon? I can         hear you.

      A.usually      B.almost      C.hardly     D.nearly

(  )7— Are the visitors all from        ?

       — No, there are only 5        in the group.

           A. Germany; Germany        B. Germany; Germans   

       C. German; Germans          D. German; Germany

(  )8— The wall of our building is made of       .

      — That’s good. So the room will be bright.

           A. glass     B. steel       C. wood         D. paper 

(  )9. — Our English teacher always keeps his lessons         .

      That’s why he is so popular among his students.

           A. lively            B. happily     C. freely         D. friendly

(  )10. I’ll finish the job,        how long it takes.

       A. until          B. unless       C. no matter   D. even though

(  )11. — Are Jiangsu and Zhejiang famous for silk?

       — I think so.       I know, more than half of the silk in China is produced in Jiangsu and Zhejiang.

     A. As long as      B. As far as  C. As many as D. As little as

(  )12. — Kate’s allowed to chat on WeChat with her friends at home,        she?

       — Yes. Her parents think she is old enough.

       A. doesn’t   B. isn’t        C. does           D. is

(  )13. — Mom, is it OK for me to watch TV for a while?

       Sorry. Why not watch TV after your homework       ?

     A. completes       B. completed       C. has completed         D. is completed

(  )14. — An iPad is really a great thing.

       — I agree. However,     . Using iPads too much has a bad influence on us.

     A. every dog has its day       B. the grass is always greener on the other side

     C. no pains, no gains         D. every coin has two sides

(  )15.       what he said,we could know he was right.

     A.Acording to      B.Depend on      C.No matter      D.It seems that

(  )16.During the Spring Festival,this kind paper is       windows,doors and walls as symbols of good wishes.

A.put up     B.put off     C.put on    D.put away

(  )17.He avoided        to that girl.

A.speak      B.to speak      C.speaking    D.spoke

(  )18.English is widely used in many         countries all over the world.

A.another    B.others     C.the others    D.other

(  )19.We won’t allow      in the cinema. But you’re allowed        in the restroom.

 A.smoking, smoking     B.to smoke, to smoke  

 C.smoking, to smoke     D.smoke, smoke

(  )20.—Do you know that there are many different       animals in the zoo?

—Yes,I do. And I also know that some of them are        scary.

A.kinds of,kind of      B.kinds of, kinds of

C.kind of, kinds of     D.kind of,  kind of

Drinking milk every day is ________ your health.   Agood to  Bgood with   Cgood for    Dgood at

 

九年级Unit What are the shirts made of?知识点与单元检测(附答案) - 快乐英语 - 学好英语 改变人生

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